Red Square



Red Square, Moscow
Subway: ploschad revolyutsii

Red Square, known as Krasnaya Ploschad in Russian, is not only the heart of Moscow but also the symbolic center of all of Russia. It covers an area of approximately 330 meters (1,080 feet) in length and 70 meters (230 feet) in width.

red square moscow

This iconic public space is bordered by some of Russia's most historic architectural marvels, including the Kremlin, St. Basil's Cathedral, and the State Historical Museum.

Its name "Krasnaya" originally meant "beautiful," but over time also came to be associated with "red," which in Russian has the same derivation.

With a rich history dating back to the 15th century, Red Square has been a witness to many of the nation's most critical events.

What is Red Square in Moscow Famous For?

Red Square is famous for being a testament to Russian political power and the site of significant national celebrations, military parades, and public gatherings.

It is best known globally for the Victory Day Parades, which celebrate the defeat of Nazi Germany. Furthermore, the square is renowned for the Lenin Mausoleum, which holds the embalmed body of the Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin.

The proximity of the Kremlin – Russia's powerhouse – adds to the Red Square's status as a symbol of the country's political history.

What Happened in Red Square Moscow?

Throughout history, Red Square has been the epicenter of many important Russian events. It was a marketplace and a site for public ceremonies and proclamations in its earlier history.

In the Soviet era, it became synonymous with military parades and demonstrations of state power, serving as an exhibition space for the latest military hardware during the Cold War period.

Red Square has also been associated with protests and political activism, such as the infamous incident where a German pilot Mathias Rust landed a small plane in 1987 as an act of peace.

It has indeed been the stage on which much of Russia's dramatic history has played out.

What is the Citadel in Moscow Red Square?

The Kremlin is the citadel in question when referring to Red Square. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Moscow Kremlin is a fortified complex that includes palaces, cathedrals, and the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation.

Its walls and towers serve as a symbol of Russian statehood and are an integral part of the Red Square ensemble. The Kremlin has witnessed and endured centuries of Russian history, making it a significant national and historical landmark.

What is the Russian Statue in the Red Square?

One of the most notable statues in Red Square is the Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, which honors Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and merchant Kuzma Minin. These figures rallied Russia's volunteer army against the Polish invasion during the Time of Troubles in the early 17th century, leading to the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618).

The statue, situated in front of St. Basil's Cathedral since 1818, is a celebrated symbol of Russian resilience and patriotism. It commemorates the people's volunteer army that played a vital role in defending the country’s sovereignty during a time of chaos and foreign intervention.

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